P e

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p e ценное мнение

In other words, complying with cyber security behaviours is an example of negative reinforcement in which actions (i. Based on these findings, the p e of more concrete rewards and losses may increase compliance with security policies.

For example, companies should enforce fines (kind of punishment learning) on employees who do not adhere to security p e and reward ones who p e. Along these lines, Baillon et al.

They found that experiencing simulated phishing (i. It has p e found that providing information about the prevalence of phishing (i. Accordingly, computer system users should be provided with simulated borage oil of negative outcomes that may occur due to their erroneous cyber security policies. Further, future studies should explore whether rewarding compliance with security p e will increase future pro p e behaviours (Regier and Redish, 2015).

Along these lines, according to Tversky and Kahneman p e, most people prefer a certain small reward over uncertain big reward, but people prefer uncertain loss than a certain loss (for discussion, also see for discussion, also see Herzallah по этой ссылке al.

In other words, people generally prefer to gamble on losses. This is evident in security behaviours. Given that the reward related to security behaviours is not direct (i. Future research should also investigate the relationship between individual differences in response to rewarding and penalizing outcomes and compliance with security behaviours.

Increasing thinking about future consequence of actions: As mentioned above, some of the key features about lack of complying with cyber security p e is not thinking much about future consequences.

It has been found that thinking about future consequences is related to reflective p e making and planning (Eskritt et al. Accordingly, using psychological methods to increase thinking about p e consequences of actions can help increase reflective decision making, and thus improve cyber security behaviours (Altintas et al.

Our review shows that some personality traits, such as impulsivity, risk taking, and lack of thinking about future consequences of actions, are related to a lack of compliance with cyber and network security policies. Future research should focus on developing p e вот ссылка of tests to integrate personality traits and cognitive processes related to cyber and network security behaviours in p e framework.

This battery of tests should include cognitive processes discussed above, including impulsivity, risk taking, and thinking about future consequences of actions.

Furthermore, here, we show that p e psychological methods can increase pro-security behaviours, such as rewarding and penalizing security-related behaviours, p e novel polymorphic security warnings, and using psychological methods to increase thinking about future consequences of actions.

In addition, there are cognitive training methods, including working memory training, that help reduce impulsivity, risk taking and procrastination in the general population (Rosenbaum et p e. Such cognitive training methods can be used to ameliorate these behavioural traits and help improve cybersecurity behaviours.

As discussed above, there are different kinds of human errors that p e undermine computer and security systems, including sharing passwords, oversharing information p e social media, accessing suspicious websites, using unauthorised external media, indiscriminate clicking on links, reusing the same passwords in multiple places, using weak passwords, opening an attachment from an untrusted source, sending sensitive information via mobile networks, p e physically securing personal electronic devices, and not updating software.

However, p e of the research conducted on human errors has been on phishing emails and sharing passwords. Future research should also investigate p e differences and contextual information (e. There are computational cognitive models applied to cybersecurity (for a review, see Veksler et al. For example, Sandouka et al. The p e was applied to phone conversation data, which include logs of phone calls. Each log includes вот ссылка, time, where the call originated and terminated, and details of the conversation (Hoeschele, 2006).

The model was used to analyse p e text and detect any intrusions or social engineering attempts. Furthermore, Maqbool et al. However, future work should use computational models to better understand the relationship between cognitive processes and cybersecurity behaviours. All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.

AM acknowledges funding from Socially Engineered Payment Diversion Fraud granted by the NSW Cybersecurity Innovation P e. Understanding cyber situational awareness in a cyber security game involving recommendation. Нажмите чтобы перейти and victims in bullying and cyberbullying: a study of personality profiles using the five-factor model. Effect of best possible self intervention on situational motivation and commitment in academic context.

Practicing safe computing: a multimethod empirical examination of home computer user security behavioral intentions. P e security: a comprehensive study of cognitive science in cybersecurity.

Trust and trustworthiness in young and older adults. Informing, simulating experience, or both: a field experiment on phishing risks. Advances in P e Security Vol. Wang (Boston, MA: Springer).

Cyber Influence and Cognitive Threats. Cambridge, MA: Academic Press. A domain-specific risk-taking (dospert) scale for adult populations. Do different mental models influence cybersecurity behavior.

Evaluations via statistical reasoning performance. Episodic future thinking p e temporal discounting in healthy adolescents. P e future thinking is related to impulsive decision making in healthy adolescents. The efficient assessment of need for cognition. Perceptions of information security at the workplace: linking information security climate to compliant behavior.

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Comments:

07.02.2020 in 13:43 Лидия:
По моему мнению Вы ошибаетесь. Могу отстоять свою позицию. Пишите мне в PM, обсудим.

07.02.2020 in 16:12 knowrouwiljunc:
Поздравляю, отличная идея и своевременно

08.02.2020 in 16:39 Куприян:
Вы абсолютно правы. В этом что-то есть и я думаю, что это хорошая мысль.

11.02.2020 in 13:17 Олег:
Сегодня я специально зарегистрировался, чтобы поучаствовать в обсуждении.